What Is Karewa?

Are you curious to know what is karewa? You have come to the right place as I am going to tell you everything about karewa in a very simple explanation. Without further discussion let’s begin to know what is karewa?

The Earth’s surface is a tapestry of diverse landscapes shaped by millions of years of geological processes. Among these natural wonders, karewa stands as an enigmatic formation that has intrigued geologists and fascinated nature enthusiasts alike. This unique geological feature, found in various parts of the world, provides valuable insights into the Earth’s history and the forces that have shaped it. In this blog, we will explore what karewa is, its formation, and its significance in the study of geology.

What Is Karewa?

Karewa is a geological term used to describe a type of sedimentary formation characterized by a distinctive series of terraces or plateaus. These terraces are typically flat or gently sloping and are made up of sedimentary deposits, including sand, silt, clay, and volcanic materials like ash and lava. Karewas can be found in various parts of the world, with notable examples in India, New Zealand, and other regions with volcanic or fluvial activity.

Formation Of Karewa

Karewas are primarily formed through a combination of volcanic and fluvial processes. The following factors contribute to their unique structure:

  1. Volcanic Activity: Karewa formations often originate in regions with past or present volcanic activity. Volcanic eruptions release ash, lava, and other volcanic materials that settle over the landscape.
  2. Water Erosion: Over time, these volcanic sediments are subject to the erosive forces of water, such as river flow and rainfall. Water erosion gradually deposits these materials into sedimentary layers, leading to the formation of terraces or plateaus.
  3. Tectonic Activity: In some cases, tectonic movements or fault lines can influence the elevation and orientation of karewa terraces.

Significance Of Karewa

Karewa formations hold significant geological and environmental importance:

  1. Geological Insight: Karewas provide valuable insights into the geological history of the region. The sedimentary layers within these formations contain a record of past volcanic eruptions and the changing environmental conditions over time.
  2. Archaeological and Cultural Significance: Karewa terraces are often associated with archaeological sites and ancient human settlements. The flat terrain and fertile soil provided by karewas make them ideal locations for agriculture and habitation.
  3. Agricultural Productivity: Karewa formations, due to their fertile soil and flat terrain, are frequently used for agriculture. Farmers utilize these plateaus to cultivate crops, making them agriculturally significant.
  4. Biodiversity: Karewas can be havens for diverse flora and fauna. The unique combination of geological history, climate, and fertile soil creates ideal conditions for various plant and animal species.

Notable Karewa Sites

  1. Deccan Plateau, India: The Deccan Plateau in India is famous for its extensive karewa formations. These terraces have played a crucial role in agriculture, and some are associated with ancient archaeological sites, such as the Ellora Caves.
  2. Rotorua, New Zealand: Rotorua in New Zealand features karewa formations created by volcanic activity and water erosion. These terraces are often referred to as the Pink and White Terraces and are known for their stunning, multicolored mineral deposits.


Karewa, with its striking terraces and rich geological history, exemplifies the dynamic and ever-evolving nature of our planet. As a testament to the intricate interplay of volcanic activity, water erosion, and geological processes, karewa formations provide invaluable insights into Earth’s history. Whether serving as fertile lands for agriculture, locations of ancient civilizations, or natural wonders, karewas continue to captivate the imagination and deepen our understanding of the world’s geological diversity.


What Do You Mean By Karewa?

Karewas are lacustrine deposits [deposits in lakes] in the Valley of Kashmir and in Bhadarwah Valley of the Jammu Division. The Karewa Formation is a Plio-Pleistocene glaciofluvial-lacustrine and aeolian loess, according to geographers. It is critical for agricultural and horticultural practices.

What Is Karewa Famous For?

Karewa is famous for the cultivation of Zafran, a local variety of Saffron in the Kashmir valley. Saffron, almond, walnut, apple, and orchard cultivation takes up most of the karewas’ time and resources.

What Are Karewa Soils?

Karewas are alluvial deposits of different soil and sediments such as sand, clay, silt, shale, mud, lignite and loess. Geologist Godwin-Austen first used the term karewas in the year 1859. The karewas of Kashmir occupy nearly an area of 2500 square kilometres, spread across the Valley. “Karewas are soft sediments.

What Is Karewa In Kashmiri?

The word Karewa in Kashmiri dialect means, “elevated table-land.”

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